The difference between the financial costs and benefits of running on-demand transportation, from the point of view of the transportation provider.
The physical act of getting onto a vehicle at pick-up before the vehicle is in motion.
Fixed, one-time expenses incurred by an organization. In the context of on-demand transportation, these costs include infrastructure and vehicle fleets.
Layers of spatial information that can be toggled on and off to derive insights about a particular area. Similar to ‘Datasets’.
A collection of data that can be visualized spatially in Realize, and can be used to define a Demand Segment.
Vehicles that are owned wholly by the transit provider.
The framework used to predict demand for travel within the Service Zones. This can be set manually, or Realize can be used to predict demand.
A group of riders that behave in a similar way, and whose home locations can be described by a given Dataset. For example, a ‘Seniors’ Demand Segment would be based on a Dataset of all seniors’ homes in a given area. Demand Segments are used to drive the demand model.
The total time period where the cost of an asset is deducted to cover its useful life.
Route deviation taken by a shared vehicle when passengers are added to that vehicle
The maximum amount of travel time added to the overall trip due to a detour. ‘Low’ detour flexibility is 5 minutes, ‘medium’ is 12.5 minutes, and ‘high’ is 30 mins.
The time during which a transit driver is working or on-call waiting for trip requests to be logged into the system. Interchangeable with ‘Duty’.
A time and place where the driver is meant to stop and let the rider out of the vehicle.
The time during which a transit driver is working or on-call waiting for trip requests to be logged into the system. Interchangeable with ‘Driver shift’.
The difference between the monetized costs and benefits of running on-demand transportation, from the perspective of the environment.
The additional revenue made by an agency from the fares paid by riders for their trips.
A set of resources owned by a transportation operator, which can include drivers, vehicles, and duties. Fleets can be shared across multiple Services.
The joining of a Fleet to a Service, such that the Fleet supplies its vehicles and driver duties to satisfy the demand for the Service. A Fleet can be connected to multiple Services, and its vehicle hours will be shared proportionally.
General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS)
The common format for fixed-route transportation data around the world. Read more at https://developers.google.com/transit/gtfs
Greenhouse gases (GHGs)
Gases in Earth's atmosphere that trap heat, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).
The number of jobs located in each unit of area. This is reported on a per-Zone basis.
Key Performance Indicator (KPI)
A measurable value that demonstrates the effectiveness of the simulated service.
Refers to general fixed-route transportation, such as scheduled bus, tram or train service that runs on a predetermined route.
A form of on-demand transit that utilizes small-scale vehicles like shuttles or vans to provide fixed-schedule and route service, as well as on-demand scheduling and flexible routes.
The total number of daily microtransit trips that are expected to originate from each neighbourhood in a given area. This Dataset is created based on data from Spare’s operations across the world.
The proportional change from one form of transportation to another. For example, switching from trips taken on personal vehicles to trips taken in on-demand vehicles.
The proportion of people that use each of the various modes of transportation.
A fleet of vehicles non-owned outright by the transit provider. For example, in a ride-share situation, the ride-share provider contracts the actual driving to private individuals who own their own cars.
Expenses incurred by an organization for the day-to-day running of its business. In the context of on-demand transportation, these costs include driver wages, fuel, insurance and vehicle maintenance.
Umbrella term to describe any kind of transportation that is a result of service request. If no demand for the service is made, then the vehicle is not dispatched. On-demand transit also doesn’t run on a schedule.
Denotes specialized transit service for individuals with mobility limitations that prevent them from using the regular transit system. It is generally a scheduled, door-to-door service. Also known as ‘specialized transit’.
The total number of daily paratransit trips that are expected to originate from each neighbourhood in a given area. This Dataset is created based on data from Spare’s operations across the world.
Person using a transit service for transportation purposes. Also known as a ‘Rider’.
A time and place where the rider is meant to board the vehicle.
Pooled trips ratio
Percentage of trips where a passenger shared their ride with another passenger.
The number of people living in each unit of area. This is reported on a per-Zone basis.
A sandbox environment within Realize to test an idea or hypothesis about the feasibility of on-demand.
The actual ‘ask’ an individual makes for transportation.
Return on Investment (ROI)
A financial metric that measures the profitability of an investment. It is presented as a ratio between net income and investment over a given period. A ratio above 1 implies profitability, while a ratio below 1 implies net loss.
Person using a transit service for transportation purposes. Also known as a ‘Passenger’.
Total number of riders boarding a service. Usually reported on a daily basis.
A transportation system with many configuration options. A Project can contain multiple Services with different areas, hours, fares, and levels of responsiveness.
The spatial extent in which a Service operates. A Service’s boundaries are controlled by the shape of its Zones.
The number of days per month that the Service operates. For example, a Service operated Monday–Friday would equate to 20 service days per month.
The time period during which a Service is available for booking by riders.
The difference between the monetized costs and benefits of running on-demand transportation, from the perspective of society.
Denotes specialized transit service for individuals with mobility limitations that prevent them from using the regular transit system. It is generally a scheduled, door-to-door service. Also known as ‘paratransit’.
A predefined location where pickups and dropoffs can happen.
Distance travelled by individual riders in the service period.
Travel time of individual riders in the service period.
The fare paid by a rider for taking a trip on a Service.
Trip temporal distribution
The proportion of travel taking place at different times of day, for a given trip type. Trip temporal distributions are provided for outbound (home → destination) and inbound (destination → home) trips.
The reason for travel for a given rider. When generating simulated trips, Realize assigns principal types to each trip, including commuting, shopping and entertainment, healthcare, outdoor recreation, and visiting friends and family.
The amount of time that elapses between when a trip booking is logged and when a vehicle arrives to pick up the passenger.
Hours completed by all operational vehicles, including non-revenue time.
Vehicle occupancy rate
The number of occupants in a vehicle, including the driver.
Geographical area in which on-demand transportation is accessible to a specific group of riders.